The northernmost wine-growing region of France produces the most famous sparkling wines, model of festive wines. It covers mainly the departments of the Marne and Aube, with modest extensions in the Aisne, Seine-et-Marne and Haute-Marne. The vineyard is planted on a chalky base whose permeability and richness in mineral principles bring their finesse to Champagne wines. In the hilly landscape, there are four main regions: the Montagne de Reims, the Côte des Blancs, the Marne valley and the Aube vineyard. Despite the unique appellation, there are countless champagnes. They are certainly effervescent white or rose wines, but the production of whites of whites (made from Chardonnay alone), whites of noirs (from Pinot Meunier, Pinot Noir or both varieties), or whites resulting from the blending of the three grape varieties. In addition, the dosage differentiates between zero (extra-dry), crude, semi-dry, and even mild. There are also non-vintage and vintage wines. The people of Champagne speak of “brut sans année” (BSA) or “vintage”. Prestige cuvées – or special cuvées – are made up of all types: their high selling price should correspond to top-of-the-range wines. They are marketed in bottles of the desired shapes.
Main grape varieties : Pinot noir, Pinot Meunier et Chardonnay